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Changchun 长春 -Jilin province
Changchun is the capital and largest city of Jilin province. Known as China's Automobile City, Changchun is an important industrial base with a particular focus on the automotive sector. Severely damaged during World War II, the city was taken by the Soviet Red Army in 1945. The Russians maintained a presence in the city during the Chinese civil war until 1946. Kuomintang forces occupied the city in 1946, but were unable to hold the countryside against communist forces. The city fell to the communists in 1948 after the 5 month Siege of Changchun by the People's Liberation Army. The siege caused famine with a civilian death toll of between 100,000 to 300,000. As of 2009 the history of the siege is still subject to official censorship in the PRC.